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Howdy, pilgrim! No ads — you're in the ^zhurnal (that's Russian for "journal") — see ZhurnalyWiki for a Wiki edition of individual items; see Zhurnal and Zhurnaly for quick clues as to what this is all about; see Random for a random page. Briefly, this is the diary of ^z = Mark Zimmermann ... previous volume = 0.9929 ... complete list at bottom of page ... send comments & suggestions to "z (at) his (dot) com" ... click on a title link to go to that item in the ZhurnalyWiki where you can edit or comment on it ... thank you!

2017-12-22 - National Institutes of Healthy Sprinting

~4.4 mi @ ~9.3 min/mi

"Would you rather qualify for Boston or be an Ironman?" A rabbit sprints across the Bethesda Trolley Trail in front of Caitlin, caught in headlamp beam. Omen, or portent? The Dawn Patrol Duo dashes around the NIH campus today, dodging sleepy pedestrians doing a zombie march into the Metro station.

"It doesn't get easier - you just get faster!" Yes, and downhill helps, as does reaching major road crossings just as the light turns green. Cait's quick warning precludes a runner-cyclist collision in the gloom. Mile splits by GPS descend: 10.3 + 9.6 + 9.2 + 8.6 and a final fraction at 7.8 min/mi pace. Yow!


- Tuesday, January 16, 2018 at 05:53:19 (EST)

2017-12-20 - Wishing Bowl

~5.5 mi @ ~10.5 min/mi

"WISHING BOWL" says the black container that Cait spies on the ground beside Rock Creek Trail near Garrett Park Road. Darkness pools around us as we pause to point headlamps down. "PLACE A STONE TO LET GO OF A PROBLEM" is printed at one end, and "TAKE A STONE TO MAKE A WISH" at the other. An overflowing box o' rocks suggests that problems cascade in and wishes trickle out. Hmmmmm!

"I must learn to breathe quietly, like you!" The Dawn Patrol Duo tries an exploratory tempo run, pushing splits of 10.6 + 10.4 + 11.2 + 11.5 + 9.7 and a final half-mile pace of 8.2 min/mi. We discover a new cut-through on Kenilworth Ave, and Caitlin glimpses a fox and a rabbit. It's a beautiful morning.


- Monday, January 15, 2018 at 06:05:40 (EST)

Mantra - Doubt


... stay open:

Be a better Bayesian — recognize uncertainty, and adjust belief as new information arrives.

Say "Yes, and ..."

... and empty ...

... and soften ...

("Doubt is not a pleasant condition, but certainty is an absurd one." - Voltaire; cf. Faith to Doubt (2010-03-11), Nothing But Faith in Nothing (2014-09-07), Mantra - Soften Into Experience (2014-11-26), Holding Space (2016-07-22), Mantra - Uncertainty, Kindness, Peace, Hope (2017-06-29), Mantra - Beliefs Are Knobs, Not Switches (2017-07-13), ...)

- Sunday, January 14, 2018 at 06:25:03 (EST)

Magnetic Resonance Imagery

On 2017-11-07, for an hour or so, the spins of some protons in the hydrogen atoms in my brain were aligned, then tickled to make them flip. Magnetic field sensors picked up the weak signals, accumulated them, and made pictures. Here are a few samples. What do they mean? Who knows? Nothing bad, most likely. "No Worries, Mate!" as the Aussies often say.


The MRI was requested after a hearing test picked up some asymmetric loss of sensitivity. Probably a random fluctuation in responses during the exam. Spending some long blocks of time holding still in the midst of noisy machinery was actually fun. And the resulting images are fascinating. A sampling:


The physician-examiner's "findings":

No mass or abnormal enhancement is seen in the cerebellopontine angle cisterns or internal auditory canals. The 7th and 8th cranial nerve complexes appear within normal limits bilaterally.

Ventricles, sulci, and cisterns are age-appropriate in size and configuration. Midline structures including the corpus callosum, pituitary gland, and craniocervical junction are normal. There is no restricted diffusion to suggest acute infarction. Scattered T2/FLAIR hyperintense foci in the periventricular and subcortical white matter, nonspecific, likely representing mild chronic small vessel ischemic changes. A few lacunar infarcts noted in the bilateral anterior periventricular white matter. Prominent perivascular spaces. No mass lesion is identified. No abnormal parenchymal, leptomeningeal or ependymal enhancement following the administration of contrast. Major intracranial flow voids and dural venous sinuses are maintained. Visualized orbits and sinuses are normal. The mastoid air cells are clear. Large arachnoid granulation protruding into the left lateral aspect of the occipital bone.

- Saturday, January 13, 2018 at 19:16:25 (EST)

2017-12-18 - Silver Creek Sprint

~4.3 mi @ ~10.7 min/mi

"Tempo run ... is faster than ... 'conversational' pace ... only can talk ... in short phrases ...". The breathless Dawn Patrol duo blitzes Caitlin's neighborhood, starting off with a shortcut through Cedar Lane Unitarian Church parking lots. Suburban home windows feature wreaths and the occasional menorah.

"We were meant to be here!" Reconnoitering the grounds of the brand-new super-spiffy Silver Creek Middle School, we find an unlocked back gate - yay! Cut through a senior-residence complex, and then via Kensington Parkway to the classic 1891 B&O train station designed by architect Ephraim Francis Baldwin. On the other side of the tracks, sprint to Cait's home via KenGar. Her final final exam of the semester is today - time to hit the books!


- Friday, January 12, 2018 at 04:52:39 (EST)

2017-12-17 - CJSVT with Gayatri

~5.9 miles @ ~16.9 min/mi

"Caves full of bats!" Gayatri tells of visiting caverns in Jamaica with her husband, and of recently rewatching the 1973 James Bond movie Live and Let Die that had scenes filmed there. In contrast to the Caribbean climate, here temperatures linger below freezing despite Sunday morning sunbeams. Before the run a totem pole in by the playground of Cabin John Regional Park calls for a selfie.

We trek upstream, stepping carefully over icy patches, rocks, and roots. After a detour along the wrong side of the creek we discover the current route of the blue-blazed Cabin John Stream Valley Trail and take it to the northern terminus, first visited more than a decade ago (see 2005-10-30 - Cabin John Trail (North)). Pause for photos, amble south, explore the Gooseneck Trail, meander past ballfields, and return to the start. Trail talk turns to food: dal and pizza and pastries!


- Thursday, January 11, 2018 at 05:52:32 (EST)

Simple but Not Easy

Jon Kabat-Zinn in his book Wherever You Go, There You Are brings to bear a beautiful collection of words that resonate, sometimes in startling patterns: "Clarity" ... "Moment" ... "Reality" ... "Attention" ... "Sincerity" ... "Awareness" ...

For example, from the chapter "Simple But Not Easy", describing the patient work of "Practice":

It is also enlightening and liberating work. It is enlightening in that it literally allows us to see more clearly, and therefore come to understand more deeply, areas in our lives that we were out of touch with or unwilling to look at. This may include encountering deep emotions — such as grief, sadness, woundedness, anger, and fear — that we might not ordinarily allow ourselves to hold in awareness or express consciously. Mindfulness can also help us to appreciate feelings such as joy, peacefulness, and happiness which often go by fleetingly and unacknowledged. It is liberating in that it leads to new ways of being in our own skin and in the world, which can free us from the ruts we so often fall into. It is empowering as well, because paying attention in this way opens channels to deep reservoirs of creativity, intelligence, imagination, clarity, determination, choice, and wisdom within us.

(cf. Awesomely Simple (2001-01-26), Present-Moment Reality (2008-11-05), Voluntary Simplicity (2008-12-24), Just Sitting (2011-05-21), Just One Thing (2012-12-02), Ground of Being (2013-10-03), Mindfulness Skills (2014-06-24), Wakeful, Open, Tender (2016-08-25), No Watcher, Only Watching (2016-10-07), ...)

- Wednesday, January 10, 2018 at 04:54:19 (EST)

2017-12-16 - Rock Creek with Cait and Rebecca

~12.4 miles @ ~12.0 min/mi

"Nice beard!" A costumed Santa on Brookville Rd trades compliments with me. Caitlin and Rebecca arrive at Candy Cane City almost simultaneously. Late morning icy patches linger on Rock Creek Trail, so we trot along Beach Drive, miles 3-9 of the trackfile. Gusty winds send leaves skittering across the road. We discuss college dorm diseases, bad Christmas movies, Disneyworld, marathon plans, and Boston area universities. Leftover bean burrito with green chile sauce = suboptimal pre-run snack.

"Air Five!" says Cait at run's end, and we salute-without-touching to avoid spreading germs. At National Park Seminary an antique statue is bedecked in holiday garb.


- Tuesday, January 09, 2018 at 05:28:51 (EST)

2017-12-13 - Dynamic Dawn Duo

~5.8 mi @ ~11.5 min/mi

"Aerial Yoga!" Kerry explains a new form of an ancient discipline. The Dawn Patrol braves temps in the low 20's and intermittent northwest gusts in the ~30 mi/hr zone, making for single-digit wind chills. A waning Moon rises near Mars and Jupiter. Xmas displays are scarce in the 'hood, or perhaps mostly turned off at this hour? Golden bulbs glow among white lights on front yard bushes. A rustle in the leaves suggests a deer making a hasty retreat. We pass by the Stations of the Cross at St Luke's.


- Monday, January 08, 2018 at 04:57:11 (EST)

2017-12-11 - Kensington Lightshow Ramble

~4.9 miles @ ~10.7 min/mi

"They're supposed to be falling snowflakes!" A front-yard projector generates white blobs that drift down the façade of a house in Cait's neighborhood. The Dawn Patrol picks a route to maximize Xmas decoration viewing-and-critiquing opportunities. A wooden-frame cone covered with strings of red-and-green bulbs looks ok from a distance but fails upon closer inspection. "Dripping-icicle-effect" white lights dangle weirdly from an overhead wire.

Other arrangements work better. Laser dots slowly coalesce and regroup. An inflated Santa cradles a happy dachshund in his arms. A giant glowing Bible stands open to Luke, Chapter 2. Best of all, in Gerard Manley Hopkins' words, "... morning, at the brown brink eastward, springs...". We sprint to finish together as the sun rises.


- Sunday, January 07, 2018 at 08:30:04 (EST)

Mantra - Widen the Skirts of Light

Widen the
  Skirts of

... an image of hope and loving-kindness, from Middlemarch by George Eliot, in Chapter 39 as the protagonist describes her "religion" — a belief that comforts and guides her life:

... That by desiring what is perfectly good, even when we don't quite know what it is and cannot do what we would, we are part of the divine power against evil — widening the skirts of light and making the struggle with darkness narrower ...

... it helps her persevere in the struggle for Good in the world ...

... yes, and somehow it's all good!

(cf. Religion and Reverence (2001-07-08), True Story (2002-11-30), ThreeThoughts (2004-11-21), Big Ideas (2012-05-20), Mantra - Mindfulness, Nonattachment, Oneness (2017-01-25), ...)

- Saturday, January 06, 2018 at 06:16:42 (EST)

2017-12-10 - MCRRC Jingle Bell Jog 8k with Gayatri

~4.9 mi @ ~11.5 min/mi

http://zhurnaly.com/images/running/MCRRC_Jingle_Bell_Jog_by_D-Reichmann_z_2017-12-10b.jpg"That's not Santa — he's too thin!" A race-volunteer-Mom reports that her kids see through my disguise. Oops!

Results from the chilly MCRRC Jingle Bell Jog 8k with Gayatri show us coming in together at 56:31 — Gayatri 7th of 12 in her cohort and me 7th of 8 in mine. We wear "seasonal colors" and trot faster than Gayatri expects. And in spite of slippery-icy patches, nobody falls down!

(photos by Dan Reichmann)



- Friday, January 05, 2018 at 05:50:09 (EST)

In Your Light

A Rumi poem as translated-interpreted by Coleman Barks:

In your light I learn how to love.
In your beauty, how to make poems.
You dance inside my chest,
where no one sees you,
but sometimes I do,
and that sight becomes this art.

(cf. Meditation - Sound, Music, Silence (2014-10-06), There's Nothing Ahead (2016-11-06), Be Ground (2016-12-27), ...)

- Thursday, January 04, 2018 at 05:34:31 (EST)

2017-12-09 - VHTRC Magnus Gluteus Maximus

~10.6 mi @ ~19 min/mi

http://zhurnaly.com/images/running/Magnus_Gluteus_Maximus_z_2017-12-09.jpgThe VHTRC's Magnus Gluteus Maximus fun run on the Bull Run Trail, in the snow with Barry Smith & ("Fast") Mary Bowman & Sirisha Golla & other trail friends, is a quiet delight, a recovery ramble over the hills and through the woods.
One week ago Sirisha and I did the Devil Dog Race in Prince William Forest Park. We both finished 100 km there, though Iris had hoped to go for 100 miles. Here, in a free ("Fat Ass") event, there are no goals, no prizes, nothing but the pure joy of leaves and rocks and roots and streams and valleys and conversation with friends. It's All Good!http://zhurnaly.com/images/running/Magnus_Gluteus_Maximus_Sirisha_z_2017-12-09a.jpg


- Wednesday, January 03, 2018 at 04:56:17 (EST)

See the Good in Others

A wise suggestion by Rick Hanson: "See the Good in Others", that is, deliberately:

And then, Hansen recommends:

... recognize that the good you see in others is also in you. You couldn't see that good if you did not have an inkling of what it was. You, too, have positive intentions, real abilities, and virtues of mind and heart. Those qualities are a fact, as much a fact as the chair you're sitting on. Take a moment to let that fact sink in. You don't need a halo to be a truly good person. You are a truly good person.

Sweet, useful, and important to remember!

(cf. Just One Thing (2012-12-02), Strong and Lasting (2013-02-02), Stay Right When Wronged (2016-10-05), ...) - ^z

- Tuesday, January 02, 2018 at 05:36:10 (EST)

2017 Long Runs

According to the logbook, in 2017 total distance is ~2300+ miles — amazingly without major injury, astoundingly with two finishes each for 100 mile, 100 km, 50 mile, and 50 km distances, plus three marathons including a pair on a single weekend.

The secret: no secrets, no expectations, no goals. It is as it is. Yes, and it's all good!

Summary, with links to details:

race miles time min/mi comments
2017-01-01 - VHTRC Red Eye 50k~31.67:35~14.4Prince William Forest Park start of the ultra-year
2017-02-19 - GW Birthday Marathon~26.25:09~11.7Happy Birthday, Dr Kerry!
2017-03-11 - Crazy Desert Trail Race~6617:07~15.5first and last place non-Texas finisher for a long "100k"
2017-04-08 - Bull Run Run 50 Miler~4612:39~16.010th BRR finish, never a DNF
2017-04-29 - C and O Canal 100 Miler~10027:54~17first 100M finish, after 7 years and 7 DNFs
2017-06-03 - Ran It with Janet 50k~30.57:17~14.3snaky selfie fun with Jennifer Hotchkiss
2017-09-29 - Yeti 100 Mile Endurance Run~10029:01~17.5start on the 65th birthday, with Dr Stephanie Fonda
2017-10-21 - Baltimore Marathon~26.24:48~11.0solo tour of Charm City
2017-10-22 - Marine Corps Marathon~26.25:56~13.6with Dr Kristin, plus the Kenney-Spargo clan
2017-11-11 - Stone Mill 50 Miler~5116:05~19officially a DNF, missed cutoffs — full distance with Dr Kerry
2017-12-02 - Devil Dog 100k Race~6319:28~19Prince William Forest Park — end of the ultra-year!

- Monday, January 01, 2018 at 04:35:03 (EST)

Eugenia Cheng on Thinking

Some further observations by mathematician, writer, and musician Eugenia Cheng, from the "Greater than Code" series, interview #38:

... math doesn't explain how everything about the world works. What it does is illuminate certain aspects of it. Anything that makes a connection between something and something else is a potential place where math can help because it's really about looking at two different situations and saying what these two situations have in common ...


... it's about understanding how to use your brain really well, rather than how to use the theory to solve this particular problem ...


... I'm not interested in winning. I'm much more interested in learning and understanding and building things together. Not only I am not that interested in sports, I'm kind of put off by it because the whole idea of beating somebody else is something that I find really distasteful. I would much rather we all built something wonderful together. ...


... I say to my students, there are two types of question. There's the type where it trying to show how clever you are and there's a type where you're trying to understand something, and I will not accept the first type and I will accept all of the second type so it doesn't matter. You don't need to think the question is stupid. If you're trying to understand something, it's valid and if you're trying to show how clever you are, it's not valid and I won't have that kind of question. ...

(cf. Cakes, Custard, and Category Theory (2016-02-14), Ingressive vs Congressive (2017-07-08), ...)

- Saturday, December 30, 2017 at 17:32:44 (EST)

2017-12-08 - Hickory Hill Rudolph

~6.9 mi @ ~14.1 min/mi

"Ugly Ornament Exchange!" is a game Cait's extended family plays some holiday seasons. She describes one Christmas tree decoration of two reindeer being, uh, "extremely friendly". The Dawn Patrol has a mini-adventure as we run to the end of Turkey Run Road, then ramble through the woods on the edge of Langley Oaks Park — including an exciting stream crossing via headlamp. And nobody falls in!

"It's Rudolph!" A huge inflated reindeer stands in front of Hickory Hill, the former Kennedy mansion. Kerry discovers another cut-through (is it #18?), this one between Melrose Drive and Pine Hill Road. Temps are in the mid-30s, with thickening clouds portending snow.


- Friday, December 29, 2017 at 04:57:43 (EST)

Mantra - No Hope


... and, as Charlotte Joko Beck says (in "Giving Up Hope"):

... we have to give up this idea in our heads that somehow, if we could only figure it out, there's some way to have this perfect life that is just right for us. Life is the way it is. And only when we begin to give up those maneuvers does life begin to be more satisfactory.

When I say to give up hope, I don't mean to give up effort. ...

(cf. Without Effort, Analysis, or Expectation (2010-08-04), Expect Nothing (2012-02-20), Aspiration, not Expectation (2014-12-12), No Expectation (2015-01-02), Mantra - Without Effort, Analysis, or Expectation (2015-02-21), Mantra - No Goals (2015-07-26), No Goals (2016-06-08), ...)

- Thursday, December 28, 2017 at 04:57:45 (EST)

2017-12-06 - Lasers and Caffeine

~4.3 mi @ ~13.4 min/mi

"Coffee run!" Dr Kerry summarizes this morning's Dawn Patrol, as gusty 30+ mph winds blow us directly to Starbucks. Temps falling through the low 40s feel much colder. A huge tree sparkles with green Christmas lights laser-projected from below. Is that a hazard to low-flying aircraft?

"We're living in a bubble!" Not everybody in this world is mostly happy, reasonably healthy, ok financially, working at a generally-stable job, mentally kinda-calm, etc. We count our blessings, catch up on family news, and share plans for 2018. Afterwards the lying scale claims I weigh 155 lbs. Better up my mileage!


- Wednesday, December 27, 2017 at 04:23:14 (EST)

Mantra - Grind New Lenses


... see everything more sharply: invest in better tools for improved perception and understanding, while recognizing that the lens is not important — awareness is!

(from SMB; cf. Edge of the Universe (1999-06-08), Looking Down (2004-12-06), What We Know (2006-08-15), Infinite in All Directions (2003-12-02), No Beginning, No End (2013-03-24), Mantra - Go for the Moon (2016-07-18), ...)

- Tuesday, December 26, 2017 at 04:57:32 (EST)

2017-12-02 - Devil Dog 100k Race

~63 miles @ ~19 min/mi

http://zhurnaly.com/images/running/Devil_Dog_100k_pre-race_flags_z_2017-12-02a.jpg"No Sleep Till Brooklyn!" A Beastie Boys song plays on the car radio Saturday morning at 3:30AM — quite an appropriate ultramarathon anthem. Devil Dog Race Director Toni Aurilio laughs and wishes she knew the lyrics. "Devil Dog" is a nickname for a US Marine; her husband is one. She has two big Vizsla hounds, Toofy and Gunny, whose names honor two of the aid stations. Marine Corps Base Quantico is nearby and mid-afternoon we hear the boom of live fire training echo between the hills.

"I'm a hugger!" says Toni, wishing runners success and awarding warm embraces before the start. Her red-white-and-blue flag-theme outfit goes well with patriotic ensigns that decorate the stage. Toni ran the 2013 and 2017 Stone Mill 50 Milers, where in both years our paths crossed near mile 29. Today, she and fellow RD Bob Gaylord are in charge.

"Only the 100k — I am unworthy of the 100 miler!" The 2016 Devil Dog ended in a DNF (Did Not Finish) when a hilly course plus an ice storm proved beyond my feeble abilities. This year's 100 km attempt has a happy ending: at 1:30AM on Sunday morning I cross the line officially in 19:27:45, 79th of 83, not counting 19 who didn't finish and another 19 who didn't start.

It's a long day: Lap 1 takes ~6 hours for the first ~23 miles; lap 2 is another ~6 hours to do the next ~20; and the final lap in the dark is ~7.5 hours. At the end of the first circuit ultra-buddy Stephanie Fonda awards a hug and then efficiently kicks me out of the start/finish area where she's volunteering. Onward!

The woods are beautiful but fallen foliage covers some tricky rocks and roots. At mile ~6 I roll the already-sore right ankle, but fortunately it settles down after a bit of walking. At mile ~15 a fall onto hands results in only minor scrapes. Another fall at mile ~50 decorates the gray beard with brown leaves.

Awesome-mindful Sirisha Golla meets me before the start, and we compare notes on recent races. I remind her to soften, let go of goals, and accept what is. Today she undertakes the 100 miler, but terrain is too tough and she calls it a day at 100 km. Wise decision, Sirisha!

http://zhurnaly.com/images/running/Devil_Dog_100k_mile_42_Jennifer_Hotchkiss_z_2017-12-02_t.jpg"Look, a halo around the Moon!" Ultra-kind Jennifer Hotchkiss meets me at Camp Remi just after the sun sets and paces the final 20 mile lap through the woods of Prince William Forest Park. It's her revenge on the Devil Dog last year, when she missed a turn, went miles off course, and DNF'd. As we journey together we're joined at mile ~54 by Dipak Bhattacharyya. He has already run a flock of ultras this year including the 2017-04-29 - C and O Canal 100 Miler. But now he is sick as are others we meet. Perhaps they ate something unfortunate at an aid station?

Emmanuel Odebunmi introduces himself before the start. At mile ~40 as the sun sets he's sitting on a rock without a light, and not feeling well. I lend him a backup flashlight; he makes it safely to the end of his second lap and drops there, leaving the lamp with race officials who return it to me.

"Remember Shelley?" At the mile ~48 aid station happy RD Bob Gaylord chats with me about the 2017-11-11 - Stone Mill 50 Miler where he was a course official. But no time now for long reminisces — Jennifer leads me out to finish today's event.

At 2AM comrade Lucas Moten, just back from Las Vegas on a red-eye flight, relays folks back to their cars in the satellite parking lot. It's a great day and night, and a great ultramarathon with great people and great scenery. Thank you, everyone!


- Monday, December 25, 2017 at 15:58:07 (EST)

Yin and Yang in the Tao Te Ching

For comparison, half a dozen translations of Chapter 42 from Laozi's Tao Te Ching — and as for what they may mean ...

The Tao begot one.
One begot two.
Two begot three.
And three begot the ten thousand things.

The ten thousand things carry yin and embrace yang.
They achieve harmony by combining these forces.

Men hate to be "orphaned," "widowed," or "worthless,"
But this is how kings and lords describe themselves.

For one gains by losing
And loses by gaining.

What others teach, I also teach; that is:
"A violent man will die a violent death!"
This will be the essence of my teaching.

(trans.Gia-fu Feng and Jane English)
The Tao gives birth to One.
One gives birth to Two.
Two gives birth to Three.
Three gives birth to all things.

All things have their backs to the female
and stand facing the male.
When male and female combine,
all things achieve harmony.

Ordinary men hate solitude.
But the Master makes use of it,
embracing his aloneness, realizing
he is one with the whole universe.

(trans. Stephen Mitchell)
Tao produces one
One produces two
Two produce three
Three produce myriad things
Myriad things, backed by yin and embracing yang
Achieve harmony by integrating their energy
What the people dislike
Are alone, bereft, and unworthy
But the rulers call themselves with these terms
So with all things
Appear to take loss but benefit
Or receive benefit but lose
What the ancients taught
I will also teach
The violent one cannot have a natural death
I will use this as the principal of teachings

(trans. Derek Lin)
The Tao produced One; One produced Two;
Two produced Three; Three produced All.
All the myriad things bear the yin with darkened pall,
They embrace the yang which lights the coming view,
And between the yin that was, and the yang that is to be,
The immaterial breath makes harmony.
Things that men dislike are to be orphans, lonely men,
Unworthy, incomplete, and yet these very things
Are taken for their titles by princes and by kings;
So it is sometimes that losing gains again,
And sometimes that gaining loses in its turn.
I am teaching what, by others taught, I learn;
The violent and aggressive a good death do not die,
And the father of this teaching—it is I.

(trans. I. W. Heysinger )
Tao produces the one,
One produces two,
Two produces three,
And three produces Ten Thousand Things.

All things suffer the negative and embrace the positive.
The union of these is to achieve harmony.

People detest being alone and unworthy,
yet kings and leaders will describe themselves as such.

Sometimes we win when it appears we've lost,
and sometimes we lose when it appears we've won.

What others learn, I also learn.
Violent people die violently.

By understanding this, I receive my greatest teaching.

(trans. Amy Putkonen)
The Way produces one;
one produces two,
two produces three,
three produces all beings:
all beings bear yin and embrace yang,
with a mellowing energy for harmony.
The things people dislike
are only to be alone, lacking, and unworthy;
yet these are what monarchs call themselves.
Therefore people may gain from loss,
and may lose from gain.
What others teach,
I also teach.
The strong cannot master their death:
I take this to be the father of teachings.

(trans. Thomas Cleary)

- Sunday, December 24, 2017 at 13:18:05 (EST)

Mill on Perfectability

John Stuart Mill, in 1828, gave a speech in favor of "Perfectability" — the notion that "mankind [is] capable of great improvement", that Society writ large can get better. In an oft-quoted bit near the beginning he says, "I have observed that not the man who hopes when others despair, but the man who despairs when others hope, is admired by a large clan of persons as a sage, and wisdom is supposed to consist not in seeing further than other people, but in not seeing so far."

Nicely said! But more important than the humorous mocking of selfish cynics (of which there is much more), Mill's point is that civilization's progress comes from:

And, he notes, we still have a long way to go ...

(cf. "Speech on Perfectability", Human Nature (1999-02-05), Worth of a State (2008-04-02), ...)

- Saturday, December 23, 2017 at 06:03:38 (EST)

2017-11-27 - Hooptie Run

~5.7 mi @ ~12.8 min/mi

"It's a Hooptie!" Dr Kristin explains the finer points of low-rider style as illustrated by a classic Thunderbird parked on Pimmit Drive. The Dawn Patrol recon run meanders to map out early Xmas displays. One yard has a giant Santa Claus; another features an air-pump inflated snow-globe with flying styrofoam pellets rattling down inside. Green and red laser beams crawl over facades. Kids race to catch school buses.


- Friday, December 22, 2017 at 04:41:01 (EST)

Left, Right, and Wrong

Almost 6 years ago Thomas Edsall in his essay "What the Right Gets Right" summarizes good and bad thinking on both sides of the political aisle. Removing party labels, there are strong positives:

... and likewise big cognitive-fallacy negatives:

Can these be further summarized and modeled, understood and balanced? Perhaps it's part of the tug-of-war between justice and mercy, conscientiousness and openness, hard vs soft, yang-yin, judgment-love?

Much to ponder ...

(cf. Fair for All (1999-11-28), Ethical Fitness (2000-12-15), ForGreatJustice (2002-12-01), Big Biases (2014-01-09), Cognitive Distortions (2015-09-28), Mirror Fallacy (2016-03-10), Cognitive Bias Cheat Sheet (2016-09-30), ...)

- Thursday, December 21, 2017 at 05:19:06 (EST)

2017-11-25 - MCRRC Turkey Burnoff 10 Miler

10 miles @ ~8.7 min/mi

http://zhurnaly.com/images/running/MCRRC_Turkey_Burnoff_10_miler_z_mile_4-5_by_D-Reichmann_2017-11-25_t.jpg"Beard!" Shaggy-gray fast runner Wayne Breslyn and I salute one another whenever our paths cross at the MCRRC "Turkey Burnoff" 10 miler. Brilliant sun glitters off Clopper Lake, roads are lined with crisp leaves, and the Gatorade is strong and sweet. A brisk morning yields a brisker-than-expected pace, chip time 1:26:41 for 1st of 7 in the 65-69 year male cohort. After the finish friendly Igor Lvovskyi checks to make sure we're in different age groups; he's 73. Nutella on chocolate-chip muffins is the recovery food of choice.

Barry drives to Seneca Creek State Park, where we fist-bump Anny warming-up, then greet Ken and Gayatri. Ultra veteran Joe Hanle chats pre-start; he ran the C&O Canal 100 and the Stone Mill 50 with me, and blasts off today to finish far ahead. The old right ankle and left hip twinge; the right heel feels bruised. Good excuses in preparation for next weekend's Devil Dog 100k?! Splits at mile markers: 8.4 + 8.4 + 9.0 + 8.5 + 8.9 + 8.7 + 8.6 + 9.2 + 8.3 + 8.7 minutes.

(photo by Dan Reichmann)

Past results:


- Wednesday, December 20, 2017 at 04:22:16 (EST)

Pearl Harbor - Lessons Learned

From the end of Chapter 7 ("Surprise") of Roberta Wohlstetter's Pearl Harbor:

This study has not been intended as a "how-to-do-it" manual on intelligence, but perhaps one major practical lesson emerges from it. We cannot count on strategic warning. We might get it, and we might be able to take useful preparatory actions that would be impossible without it. We certainly ought to plan to exploit such a possibility should it occur. However, since we cannot rely on strategic warning, our defenses, if we are to have confidence in them, must be designed to function without it. If we accept the fact that the signal picture for impending attacks is almost sure to be ambiguous, we shall prearrange actions that are right and feasible in response to ambiguous signals, including signs of an attack that might be false. We must be capable of reacting repeatedly to false alarms without committing ourselves or the enemy to wage thermonuclear war.

It is only human to want some unique and univocal signal, to want a guarantee from intelligence, an unambiguous substitute for a formal declaration of war. This is surely the unconscious motivation of all the rewriting of Pearl Harbor history, which sees in such wavering and uncertain sources of information as the winds code and all of the various and much-argued MAGIC texts a clear statement of Japanese intent. But we have seen how drastically such an interpretation oversimplifies the task of the analyst and decisionmaker. If the study of Pearl Harbor has anything to offer for the future, it is this: We have to accept the fact of uncertainty and live with it. No magic, in code or otherwise, will provide certainty. Our plans must work without it.

- Tuesday, December 19, 2017 at 04:51:32 (EST)

2017-11-23 - Bethesda Trolley Trail Turkey Trot

~6.3 miles @ ~13.7 min/mi

"I made a broom out of a pine tree branch, and my son won a prize for best costume!" Evergreens along Edson Lane remind Gayatri of a Halloween triumph by her eldest a few decades ago. Hoarfrost glitters on parked cars. As the sun rises we pause for selfies after a 1:45 lap around the Tilden Middle School track. The Trolley Trail leads us to the Bethesda YMCA, where runners warm up for today's 10k Turkey Trot and the announcer repeats, "Hello test" on the loudspeakers.

"Look, there's Anny!" Gayatri spies our friend. We pause to give her fist-bumps of encouragement for the race. And as our loop almost closes we meet "Fast Harold" followed by Ken, Rebecca, Barry, Emaad, and Jennifer heading toward the starting line. Run like the wind, comrades!


- Monday, December 18, 2017 at 04:29:15 (EST)

Mantra - Change a Little

To Change a Lot,
  Change a Little
    Many Times

... from the Greater Than Code interview with Keith Bennett:

... we can hack ourselves — we can change ourselves, and the way to change ourselves a lot, I believe, is to change ourselves a little many times. We can ask ourself in a situation, "How far am I willing to go before I start feeling uncomfortable?" and then ask ourself, "What can I do in addition to that? How much further can I go in addition to that without feeling super-uncomfortable?" and doing that. Once we start exercising that muscle more and more, we can make more progress than we would otherwise. A lot of times we cripple ourselves by just thinking about where it is we want to go and we look at how far that is and we think, "Oh, man. I'm never going to get there so I'm not going to try," and that's unfortunate.

(cf. Changing Selves (1999-05-20), Eating One's Own Cooking (1999-06-17), Mantra - Awareness, Blameless, Change (2014-12-17), ...)

- Sunday, December 17, 2017 at 07:03:10 (EST)

2017-11-22 - Bethesda Sunrise

~5.0 miles @ ~13.4 min/mi

"The sidewalk moved!" Cait reveals how she spotted a front-yard rabbit in the gloom this morning. The Dawn Patrol meanders around her extended Bethesda-Kensington 'hood, pausing to let morning traffic zoom by. We discuss systems engineering ("Nobody really knows what that means!"), music (Molly is transporting a harmonium in her car at the moment), and math. Trail talk includes the inadvisability of talking politics at a Thanksgiving family dinner, encounters with local police ("They forgot to change the alarm for Daylight Saving Time!"), and the exiguous powers wielded by local Library Advisory Committees. And as we close the loop Molly sets a new PB for distance - yay!


- Saturday, December 16, 2017 at 04:57:01 (EST)

Mentioned in Dispatches

My boss, Dear Leader David, used a new-to-me term yesterday: "Mentioned in Dispatches". It's a traditional British military kudos for "... one whose name appears in an official report written by a superior officer and sent to the high command, in which his or her gallant or meritorious action in the face of the enemy is described." In this case, a kind after-action report gave a ^z nod for showing up to help at a meeting. And hey, as the proverb says, "If you were in the room when it happened, you get credit for it!"

(cf. Simplicate (2015-08-15), Smartest Person (2017-10-27), ...)

- Friday, December 15, 2017 at 05:15:39 (EST)

2017-11-20 - Ankle Roll

~4.3 mi @ ~12.2 min/mi

"That's red meat!" is the instant response when Caitlin innocently asks, "I wonder where that road goes?" The Dawn Patrol duo swerves past St Luke's Methodist Church, discovers a stairway, connector path, then a road back into Pimmit Hills. Yay! It's a chilly-brisk morning, honey-marigold tints growing on the eastern horizon as sunrise looms.

"Oops!" A stray stone in the road makes a majorly rolled ankle. So at mile ~3.2 we change course, walk a bit, and jog-return to the start. And all's well!


- Thursday, December 14, 2017 at 04:11:28 (EST)

2017-11-19 - RCT and MHT with RR

~20.2 miles @ ~12.5 min/mi

"Go Santa!" says the lady at mile 15 - the first such greeting this season, and not likely the last! Pause in Kensington to take photos at a new mural by Matt Corrado & Meaghan McNamara on the bank building. Stiff breezes flap flags at the fire station. Arrive early at Ken-Gar and applaud a group of fast runners setting out southward.

"A chicken and a pit bull!" Rebecca describes an odd couple that she and her dog Oreo met during recent walks. We run upstream along Rock Creek Trail until near the Aspen Hill soccer fields the puddles get too big to avoid. "You know, we could turn back here!" So we do, and enjoy a side visit to the Matthew Henson Trail. Chinese-language graffiti decorates pillars under Connecticut Avenue. Deer cross the trail in front of us, and a beaver-chewed sapling lies fallen near Turkey Branch. Trail talk includes mindfulness, stress, and the challenge of putting problems into proper perspective.

Trot home solo, with a small detour to visit the lovely mermaid fountain at National Park Seminary.


- Wednesday, December 13, 2017 at 04:58:59 (EST)

Pearl Harbor - Barriers to Warning

From Chapter 7 ("Surprise") of Roberta Wohlstetter's Pearl Harbor:

... The fact of surprise at Pearl Harbor has never been persuasively explained by accusing the participants, individually or in groups, of conspiracy or negligence or stupidity. What these examples illustrate is rather the very human tendency to pay attention to the signals that support current expectations about enemy behavior. If no one is listening for signals of an attack against a highly improbable target, then it is very difficult for the signals to be heard.

For every signal that came into the information net in 1941 there were usually several plausible alternative explanations, and it is nor surprising that our observers and analysts were inclined to select the explanations that fitted the popular hypotheses. They sometimes set down new contradictory evidence side by side with existing hypotheses, and they also sometimes held two contradictory beliefs at the same time. We have seen this happen in G-2 estimates for the fall of 1941. Apparently human beings have a stubborn attachment to old beliefs and an equally stubborn resistance to new material that will upset them

Besides the tendency to select whatever was in accord with one's expectations, there were many other blocks to perception that prevented our analysts from making the correct interpretation. We have just mentioned the masses of conflicting evidence that supported alternative and equally reasonable hypotheses. This is the phenomenon of noise in which a signal is embedded. Even at its normal level, noise presents problems in distraction; but in addition to the natural clatter of useless information and competing signals, in 1941 a number of factors combined to raise the usual noise level. First of all, it had been raised, especially in Honolulu, by the background of previous alert situations and false alarms. Earlier alerts, as we have seen, had centered attention on local sabotage and on signals supporting the hypothesis of a probable Japanese attack on Russia. Second, in both Honolulu and Washington, individual reactions to danger had been numbed, or at least dulled, by the continuous international tension.

A third factor that served to increase the natural noise level was the positive effort made by the enemy to keep the relevant signals quiet. The Japanese security system was an important and successful block to perception. It was able to keep the strictest cloak of secrecy around the Pearl Harbor attack and to limit knowledge only to those closely associated with the details of military and naval planning. In the Japanese Cabinet only the Navy Minister and the Army Minister (who was also Prime Minister) knew of the plan before the task force left its final port of departure.

In addition to keeping certain signals quiet, the enemy tried to create noise, and sent false signals into our information system by carrying on elaborate "spoofs." False radio traffic made us believe that certain ships were maneuvering near the mainland of Japan. The Japanese also sent to individual commanders false war plans for Chinese targets, which were changed only at the last moment to bring them into line with the Southeastern movement.

A fifth barrier to accurate perception was the fact that the relevant signals were subject to change, often very sudden change. ...

Sixth, our own security system sometimes prevented the communication of signals. It confronted our officers with the problem of trying to keep information from the enemy without keeping it from each other, and, as in the case of MAGIC, they were not always successful. ...

To these barriers of noise and security we must add the fact that the necessarily precarious character of intelligence information and predictions was reflected in the wording of instructions to take action. The warning messages were somewhat vague and ambiguous. ... The fact that intelligence predictions must be based on moves that are almost always reversible makes understandable the reluctance of the intelligence analyst to make bold assertions. Even if he is willing to risk his reputation on a firm prediction of attack at a definite time and place, no commander will in turn lightly risk the penalties and costs of a full alert. ...

Last but not least we must also mention the blocks to perception and communication inherent in any large bureaucratic organization, and those that stemmed from intraservice and interservice rivalries. ... A general prejudice against intellectuals and specialists, not confined to the military but unfortunately widely held in America, also made it difficult for intelligence experts to be heard. ...

- Tuesday, December 12, 2017 at 04:39:27 (EST)

2017-11-18 - Oregon Trail

~13.8 mi @ ~12.9 min/mi

http://zhurnaly.com/images/running/CCT_Rock_Creek_Trestle_z_2017-12-11a.jpg"The Oregon Trail!" says Gayatri, describing a path that runs along Military Road to Oregon Avenue NW. Huge brown leaves drift down and blanket the earth. Beach Drive is being repaired south of here and is closed to pedestrians; we touch the flagpole at Rock Creek Park Police headquarters and turn west, with a wave at a construction worker.

With pastel pinks and blues, dawn tickles the horizon. A few blocks from the start, realization: no windbreaker - brrrrr! But there's no time to backtrack, so pick up the pace and proceed onward. Gayatri and I arrive at Candy Cane City simultaneously and enjoy ~8 miles together. On the way home, pause for a geometric selfie underneath the high trestle over Rock Creek.


- Monday, December 11, 2017 at 04:59:02 (EST)

2017-11-17 - Total Volvo

~4.3 mi @ ~15.2 min/mi

"You can't total a VOLVO!" Molly exclaims, disbelievingly, at reports of a colleague's daughter doing precisely that recently. The Dawn Patrol pauses at Starbucks in McLean for the first hot coffee of the season, as Venus twinkles low in the east on a crisp morn. Drs K&K are recovering well from their Stone Mill 50 Miler experiences, modulo normal soreness, back pain, purple toenails, ITB flare-up, hip flexor trauma, etc. after one's first official ultramarathon. Bravi to both! Front yard gardens are trimmed back for the winter. New (from the half-price room at RnJ Sports) "Hoka One One Tor Trafa" shoe-sandal hybrids feel comfy-good on old feet.


- Sunday, December 10, 2017 at 06:40:20 (EST)

Trust-Building Techniques

From the 2013 essay by Charles H. Green, "8 Ways to Make People Believe What You Tell Them", some obvious and redundant and important advice on how, personally and professionally, to connect:

  1. Tell the truth. This is the obvious first point, of course — but it's amazing how the concept gets watered down. For starters, telling the truth is not the same as just not lying. It requires saying something; you can't tell the truth if you don't speak it.
  2. Tell the whole truth. Don't be cutesie and technical. Don't allow people to draw erroneous conclusions based on what you left out. By telling the whole truth, you show people that you have nothing to hide. (Most politicians continually flunk this point).
  3. Don't over-context the truth. The most believable way to say something is to be direct about it. Don't muddy the issue with adjectives, excuses, mitigating circumstances, your preferred spin, and the like. We believe people who state the facts, and let us uncover the context for ourselves.
  4. Freely confess ignorance. If someone asks you a question you don't know the answer to, say, "I don't know." It's one of the most credible things you can say. After all, technical knowledge can always be looked up; personal courage and integrity are in far shorter supply.
  5. First, listen. Nothing makes people pay attention to you more than your having paid attention to them first. They will also be more generous in their interpretation of what you say, because you have shown them the grace and respect of carefully listening to them first. Reciprocity is big with human beings.
  6. It's not the words, it's the intent. You could say, in a monotone voice, "I really care about the work you folks are doing here." And you would be doubted. Or, you could listen, animatedly, leaning in, raising your eyebrows and bestowing the gift of your attention, saying nothing more than, "wow." And people would believe that you care.
  7. Use commonsense anchors. Most of us in business rely on cognitive tools: data, deductive logic, and references. They are not nearly as persuasive as we think. Focus instead more on metaphors, analogies, shared experiences, stories, song lyrics, movies, famous quotations. People are more inclined to believe something if it's familiar, if it fits, or makes sense, within their world view.
  8. Use the language of the other person. If they say "customer," don't you say "client." And vice versa. If they don't swear, don't you dare. If they speak quietly one on one, adopt their style. That way, when you say something, they will not be distracted by your out-of-ordinary approach, and they will intuitively respect that you hear and understand them.

(cf. Trusted Advisor (2012-12-23), Action to Raise Trust (2015-09-05), Principles of Trust-Building (2015-09-23), Three Little Words (2017-04-08), ...)

- Saturday, December 09, 2017 at 05:47:31 (EST)

2017-11-15 - One Lap

~5.4 miles @ ~10.9 min/mi

"I'm happy enough with 1:58!" Caitlin comments as we catch our breath after a brisk lap around the McLean High School track. A waning crescent moon hangs low in the east; Venus glows just above the horizon. Frost glitters like a dusting of diamonds on windshields and sere grass.

"I have 90 minutes to write 3 hours worth of code!" Molly explains why she must stop at 1.5 miles. The Dawn Patrol cuts past baseball fields in Westgate Park to get her back early, then rambles through the gated Evans Farm community, dodging a jet of steam billowing from a dryer vent.


- Friday, December 08, 2017 at 04:52:36 (EST)

Competence vs Confidence

From an essay by Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic, "Why Do So Many Incompetent Men Become Leaders?", in the Harvard Business Review of 2013-08-22:

There are three popular explanations for the clear under-representation of women in management, namely: (1) they are not capable; (2) they are not interested; (3) they are both interested and capable but unable to break the glass-ceiling: an invisible career barrier, based on prejudiced stereotypes, that prevents women from accessing the ranks of power. Conservatives and chauvinists tend to endorse the first; liberals and feminists prefer the third; and those somewhere in the middle are usually drawn to the second. But what if they all missed the big picture?

In my view, the main reason for the uneven management sex ratio is our inability to discern between confidence and competence. That is, because we (people in general) commonly misinterpret displays of confidence as a sign of competence, we are fooled into believing that men are better leaders than women. In other words, when it comes to leadership, the only advantage that men have over women (e.g., from Argentina to Norway and the USA to Japan) is the fact that manifestations of hubris — often masked as charisma or charm — are commonly mistaken for leadership potential, and that these occur much more frequently in men than in women.

This is consistent with the finding that leaderless groups have a natural tendency to elect self-centered, overconfident and narcissistic individuals as leaders, and that these personality characteristics are not equally common in men and women. In line, Freud argued that the psychological process of leadership occurs because a group of people — the followers — have replaced their own narcissistic tendencies with those of the leader, such that their love for the leader is a disguised form of self-love, or a substitute for their inability to love themselves. "Another person's narcissism", he said, "has a great attraction for those who have renounced part of their own ... as if we envied them for maintaining a blissful state of mind."

The truth of the matter is that pretty much anywhere in the world men tend to think that they that are much smarter than women. Yet arrogance and overconfidence are inversely related to leadership talent — the ability to build and maintain high-performing teams, and to inspire followers to set aside their selfish agendas in order to work for the common interest of the group. Indeed, whether in sports, politics or business, the best leaders are usually humble — and whether through nature or nurture, humility is a much more common feature in women than men.

Sadly, "... Most of the character traits that are truly advantageous for effective leadership are predominantly found in those who fail to impress others about their talent for management ...", and "... what it takes to get the job is not just different from, but also the reverse of, what it takes to do the job well. As a result, too many incompetent people are promoted to management jobs, and promoted over more competent people ...".

(cf. Hare Brain, Tortoise Mind (2005-06-03), Thinking v Decisiveness (2014-04-30), ...)

- Thursday, December 07, 2017 at 05:18:29 (EST)

For back issues of the ^zhurnal see Volumes v.01 (April-May 1999), v.02 (May-July 1999), v.03 (July-September 1999), v.04 (September-November 1999), v.05 (November 1999 - January 2000), v.06 (January-March 2000), v.07 (March-May 2000), v.08 (May-June 2000), v.09 (June-July 2000), v.10 (August-October 2000), v.11 (October-December 2000), v.12 (December 2000 - February 2001), v.13 (February-April 2001), v.14 (April-June 2001), 0.15 (June-August 2001), 0.16 (August-September 2001), 0.17 (September-November 2001), 0.18 (November-December 2001), 0.19 (December 2001 - February 2002), 0.20 (February-April 2002), 0.21 (April-May 2002), 0.22 (May-July 2002), 0.23 (July-September 2002), 0.24 (September-October 2002), 0.25 (October-November 2002), 0.26 (November 2002 - January 2003), 0.27 (January-February 2003), 0.28 (February-April 2003), 0.29 (April-June 2003), 0.30 (June-July 2003), 0.31 (July-September 2003), 0.32 (September-October 2003), 0.33 (October-November 2003), 0.34 (November 2003 - January 2004), 0.35 (January-February 2004), 0.36 (February-March 2004), 0.37 (March-April 2004), 0.38 (April-June 2004), 0.39 (June-July 2004), 0.40 (July-August 2004), 0.41 (August-September 2004), 0.42 (September-November 2004), 0.43 (November-December 2004), 0.44 (December 2004 - February 2005), 0.45 (February-March 2005), 0.46 (March-May 2005), 0.47 (May-June 2005), 0.48 (June-August 2005), 0.49 (August-September 2005), 0.50 (September-November 2005), 0.51 (November 2005 - January 2006), 0.52 (January-February 2006), 0.53 (February-April 2006), 0.54 (April-June 2006), 0.55 (June-July 2006), 0.56 (July-September 2006), 0.57 (September-November 2006), 0.58 (November-December 2006), 0.59 (December 2006 - February 2007), 0.60 (February-May 2007), 0.61 (April-May 2007), 0.62 (May-July 2007), 0.63 (July-September 2007), 0.64 (September-November 2007), 0.65 (November 2007 - January 2008), 0.66 (January-March 2008), 0.67 (March-April 2008), 0.68 (April-June 2008), 0.69 (July-August 2008), 0.70 (August-September 2008), 0.71 (September-October 2008), 0.72 (October-November 2008), 0.73 (November 2008 - January 2009), 0.74 (January-February 2009), 0.75 (February-April 2009), 0.76 (April-June 2009), 0.77 (June-August 2009), 0.78 (August-September 2009), 0.79 (September-November 2009), 0.80 (November-December 2009), 0.81 (December 2009 - February 2010), 0.82 (February-April 2010), 0.83 (April-May 2010), 0.84 (May-July 2010), 0.85 (July-September 2010), 0.86 (September-October 2010), 0.87 (October-December 2010), 0.88 (December 2010 - February 2011), 0.89 (February-April 2011), 0.90 (April-June 2011), 0.91 (June-August 2011), 0.92 (August-October 2011), 0.93 (October-December 2011), 0.94 (December 2011-January 2012), 0.95 (January-March 2012), 0.96 (March-April 2012), 0.97 (April-June 2012), 0.98 (June-September 2012), 0.99 (September-November 2012), 0.9901 (November-December 2012), 0.9902 (December 2012-February 2013), 0.9903 (February-March 2013), 0.9904 (March-May 2013), 0.9905 (May-July 2013), 0.9906 (July-September 2013), 0.9907 (September-October 2013), 0.9908 (October-December 2013), 0.9909 (December 2013-February 2014), 0.9910 (February-May 2014), 0.9911 (May-July 2014), 0.9912 (July-August 2014), 0.9913 (August-October 2014), 0.9914 (November 2014-January 2015), 0.9915 (January-April 2015), 0.9916 (April-July 2015), 0.9917 (July-September 2015), 0.9918 (September-November 2015), 0.9919 (November 2015-January 2016), 0.9920 (January-April 2016), 0.9921 (April-June 2016), 0.9922 (June-July 2016), 0.9923 (July-September 2016), 0.9924 (October-December 2016), 0.9925 (January-February 2017), 0.9926 (March-April 2017), 0.9927 (May-June 2017), 0.9928 (June-October 2017), 0.9929 (October-December 2017), ... Current Volume. Send comments and suggestions to z (at) his.com. Thank you! (Copyright © 1999-2017 by Mark Zimmermann.)

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